- The Absence of Free Will: 7 Distasteful Implications
Post by Skyler J. Collins (Editor).
The irony in the free will debate is the seeming choice that its participants make to be included. And therein lies the first distasteful implication of the possibility that humans do not have free will: the choice we witness is a lie.
Free will debate participants, like any activity, are not really choosing to participate. They just are, as a matter of course, of cause and effect. Some previous cause created the natural effect of their debating free will. They had no choice in the matter. They simply did what was previously caused for them to do, like clockwork, but more complex. So what is the point in debating? There isn’t one. And therein lies the second distasteful implication of the possibility that humans do not have free will: the choice to change your mind based on the results of debate is a lie.
In fact, the act of changing one’s mind is not a choice at all. It’s an effect of prior causes. That’s it. So then, when you “choose” to think differently about something, you really didn’t. It just happened, no thanks to you. Likewise, when you “choose” to save someone drowning, you really didn’t. It just happened. And therein lies the third distasteful implication of the possibility that humans do not have free will: the choice to be a hero or to act virtuously is a lie.
People who don’t have free will don’t do good. They don’t have virtue, they aren’t compassionate, they aren’t brave, and they can’t become heros. Is it heroic or brave or compassionate or virtuous for a lightning strike to splinter a branch, which dangles into a stream and diverts the baby Moses away from the waterfall and onto the shore? Of course not. Nor is this sort of thing, which happens in a more complex sort of way using human bodies, any more virtuous, et al, than was the branch, or the tree, or the lightning strike, or the rain clouds. And therein lies the fourth distasteful implication of the possibility that humans do not have free will: the choice to hurt other people or take their stuff is a lie.
People who don’t have free will don’t do bad. They aren’t vicious, they aren’t, nefarious, they aren’t criminal. Likewise the scenario above, but instead of diverting to shore, baby Moses was already heading to shore, and instead the branch diverted him to the waterfall, where he plunged to his death. Was the branch “bad”? No. Nor can we rationally consider any person criminal or nefarious or vicious for the “choices” they make that affect others in terrible ways. And therein lies the fifth distasteful implication of the possibility that humans do not have free will: our every experience is a lie.
Just consider this possibility for a moment. Everything you do gives every indication that you are in control. Your entire experience as a living being is filled with moments of seeming decision-making. Some decisions are more automatic than others, yes, but some decisions can be incredibly difficult, nearly impossible, to make. The struggle is real and is felt. Major effort is often given to accomplish our chosen ends. We engage in the struggle because everything about it screams to us that we are in control.
Accidents happen. Our sphere of control is quite limited. And we can’t simply make our bodies do whatever we want them to do. There are physical limitations to the choices we make. But for everything else, our entire sense of self is founded on the belief that we choose what we do with ourselves day in and day out. And therein lies the sixth distasteful implication of the possibility that humans do not have free will: disbelieving free will requires that each of us betray our sense of self, because it’s just a lie.
Here’s the paradox: if we have free will, then we choose whether or not we believe we have free will; if we do not have free will, then we do not choose whether or not we believe we have free will, so for those who believe they do, they can’t help it. They will either be caused to change their belief in free will, or they won’t. Others will either murder other people, like clockwork, or they won’t. And therein lies the seventh distasteful implication of the possibility that humans do not have free will: there are no such thing as “people”, nor “intelligence”, merely complex automatons doing whatever “good” or “evil” thing they are programmed, by nature (ultimately) to do.
These seven implications send shivers down my spine.
- Unschooling Dads with Skyler Collins, an Interview
Post by Skyler J. Collins (Editor).
The following is a lightly edited transcript from Pam Laricchia’s interview of me on her podcast, “Exploring Unschooling” at the beginning of 2016. The audio was published on the EVC podcast as Episode 064.
PAM: Hi everyone! I’m Pam Laricchia from livingjoyfully.ca and today I’m here with Skyler Collins. Hi Skyler!
PAM: It’s great to have you on the show. Skyler is an unschooling dad of three children and is the editor of the book Unschooling Dads: Twenty-two Testimonials on Their Unconventional Approach to Education. It’s not often that we get to hear about unschooling from the dad’s perspective and I really love that you took the time and effort to pull this book together. I really enjoyed reading their perspectives. So, we’re going to dive into that in a minute.
But first Skyler, why don’t you share with us a bit about your background and your family.
SKYLER: Sure. Let’s see, I met my wife here in Salt Lake City, interestingly enough I met her at the mall. We were both working there and I was working in the food court and she came up to order and it was love at first sight. I asked her out and we dated. She’s actually from Mexico City so she’s an immigrant to the United States, in 1999. So that was in 2003. We dated for a while and then probably about eight months later I decided that I would ask her to marry me so I did that and we got married in October of 2004.
SKYLER: And then we had our first child, my son, Skyler Jr. We had him a year and a month later in October 2005. So we moved kind of fast I guess you could say, about everything. And it wasn’t four years later we had my daughter, same month, in 2009 and just last year we had another daughter so that was five years later so they’re kind of spaced a little bit but I’ve got the three kids and right now they’re ten, six and one.
For the last, well, just after I got married, for the next ten years I’ve been in software, software support and software quality assurance. I actually left that in June without any prospects. I was just kind of burnt out with it. I knew that if I didn’t leave that I was just going to stick there and kind of be unhappy so I took the plunge and gave my two weeks and just sort of been entrepreneurial since then.
I’ve started my own company selling private label products, primarily through Amazon right now. I started that back in September. My primary income has been me working with a friend who I recently replaced, managing a financial radio network which has been pretty interesting. Now that I’ve taken over management, it’s really brought me out of my comfort zone a little bit and I think I’ve grown and have continued to grow in that regard so that’s been fun. So since June I’ve been working from home which has been really amazing to be able to see my kids every day, all day long. I know for some people, especially those that are maybe in a schooling mindset, that they rue the day that they have to stay home with their kids, they appreciate when they are at school. But I think, as I’ve learned more about unschooling, it’s giving me that different perspective and it’s helped me to see my kids in a new light and see our relationship differently. There certainly are challenges involved, but you know, I’ve learned to appreciate those. They help everybody grow. That’s where we’re at right now.
PAM: That’s awesome! That reminds me of the ubiquitous back to school commercial, right? The parents celebrating?
One of the things you mentioned in your book’s preface, which was very interesting, was that you were the one who brought unschooling to your family. I’m sure you’re aware, found out, that’s pretty unusual because unschooling groups are by far mostly filled with the moms, right? So, how did you find unschooling and how did you introduce your wife to the idea? What did that process look like?
SKYLER: Well, it was an evolution that probably began with a much broader philosophical approach. At some point, seven, eight, nine years ago I started to align my values with a philosophy known as voluntaryism, which is based on the voluntary principle and that is all human relationships should happen voluntarily or not at all. As I looked out into the political realm, the economic realm and here I am saying let’s not force people to do what they don’t want to do. Let’s try to build relationships in the economic system, the political system on a voluntary basis.
At the same time, at home, I was forcing, at the time it was just my son, I was forcing him to do things. I was being punitive, I was putting him in time-out, I was spanking. In a very real sense I was kind of violating the principles that I was adopting. So a friend of mine, who would also be described as a voluntaryist, he introduced me to a writer, I’m sure you’re familiar with Alfie Kohn. He wrote a book called Unconditional Parenting and my friend had been listening to a podcast exploration of the book. He told me about it and I was very interested in that so I bought the book and I bought his DVD that’s a presentation done at a school in front of parents that’s based on the book. I watched that with my wife and we kind of read the book together. That’s when it hit me that I don’t need to spank, I don’t need to put my son in time-out. So not only was I kind of inconsistent with my other principles, but it’s also unnecessary. As well as using rewards based systems to get compliance and modified behavior and that sort of stuff. He talks about both sides, rewards and punishments. You know, I was convinced by that. I said, OK. It was almost overnight when I realized that what I was doing was the wrong thing to do, that we stopped spanking and stopped time-out and we were looking for other tools to put in our parenting toolbox for those situations that arise where you gotta do something.
So this was at the time when my son was in preschool. Alfie Kohn talks a lot about the schooling system and the punishments and rewards that are a part of that, within that book. So that’s what got me thinking about how we changed our parenting. We don’t want to use punishments and rewards and now I’m going to send him to school every day where he’s going to be subjected to punishments and rewards. That’s inconsistent, it’s going to be undoing everything we’re trying to accomplish. So then I’m like, OK, I don’t really want to do school. That was probably the primary motivation that got me looking at alternatives to that.
Obviously no school, the only alternative, I realized at the time, was homeschooling. So, I, well, actually it was homeschooling but I’m thinking “I’m not a teacher, I don’t want to develop curriculum and sit down and have class and my wife probably isn’t interested in that either.” It’s all kind of me at this point. I haven’t really brought her in. So, I was looking at different online based schools like the K-12. I’m thinking we could just have him do this. So I was like, huh, OK. I was still networking with other people and at some point I learned about this thing called a Thomas Jefferson education. Have you ever heard of that?
PAM: I’ve heard of it, yeah. Don’t know much about it.
SKYLER: OK, it’s a homeschooling philosophy. It’s kind of halfway to unschooling. It focuses on structuring time but not structuring content. It also has a focus on using the classics and literature and other categories to teach kids. So it kind of pushed me halfway. I bought that book and I read through the book. I thought that was very interesting. I like this. The guy, his name is Oliver DeMille who wrote the book. He wasn’t even reading until he was 12, because he was homeschooled. There are these milestones that the schooling system expects you to read by a certain age, and I think that’s for schooling purposes. Like you gotta read or you’re going to be lost in second grade and third grade. But for homeschooling those aren’t so important.
Anyway, so at some point I found the word unschooling and I’m like, huh, that’s kind of a peculiar thing. So I did some digging and found Sandra Dodd’s website, I found your website, I found Joyce Fetteroll’s website. I just started reading so much. I found Facebook groups. It was just prior to that that I brought my wife into the conversation when I was looking at online schooling. She was skeptical. She was, “OK.” She was kind of acquiescent, but skeptical. She put a lot of trust in me that I was doing my homework on it. I obviously wouldn’t do anything to hurt my kids. We talked a lot about it, what would be involved. What the unschooling philosophy is and how it’s lived, at least at the time and my understanding of it. It’s certainly broadened in the last few years. She thought it was very interesting.
I look back at my schooling experience and it wasn’t a very good one. A lot of people who do like school it’s because they like their friends and they like the social aspects. But that was a part of school that I didn’t like either. So there wasn’t really anything redeeming about my school experience. On the other hand, my wife, she liked schooling because of the social aspect. She also didn’t really dislike it as much as me because her entire elementary education was only like five hours a day in the afternoon. They have a morning class and there’s an afternoon class. There wasn’t the getting up early. She had time to play and to be with her friends and all the homework time. She had a very different experience than I had. She wasn’t as anti-school as I was.
She was still open-minded, she decided to give it a try. My son had just started kindergarten and my kids are bilingual so we had him in a kindergarten class that was Spanish/English, kind of a dual immersion thing. He went for a week and then we went on vacation for a week to visit her family in Chicago. We talked and we’re like, let’s give him the option and if he wants to stay in kindergarten and try it out then we should respect that. So we asked him while we were on vacation what he wanted to do—we wanted him to think about it. So when we got home we asked him if he wanted to go back and he said, “Not really.”
So yeah, that’s kind of the story there. And just since then, I guess it’s been thinking about the future, thinking about when our kids are going to be interested in different things and what we’re going to do at that point. It wasn’t until a couple of years later that our focus shifted on just living as joyfully as we can, and I know that’s been your focus and others’ focus. I think that really kind of sealed it. That’s what we’re doing now.
PAM: I think that kind of seems to be a theme so far for myself and a lot of others that I’ve talked to, which is we’re going to try it out. We’re going to see. It’s not jumping in wholeheartedly because you don’t really know how things are going to flow. So it’s great to try it out because then you’re always re-evaluating and seeing how things are going.
SKYLER: Yeah, exactly. So in the meantime, my second kid was born, my daughter. She’s approaching five years old. She’s watching all the different kid shows on Netflix a lot and a lot of them take place in school. So she’s getting this idea that school’s pretty cool. They’re always portrayed in such a positive light, of course. So she said, “Hey, I want to go to school.”
At first, personally, I kind of felt like betrayed by that. I was like, “No!” It kind of brought that knot into my stomach. I can’t believe she’s saying this. Here I am knowing I can’t keep her home if she really wants to do it because that would be wrong of me. But at the same time, I’m just like, have faith in the process. Let her try it and she’ll see it for what it is. Just have faith, I guess I took that route a little bit. It pulled me out of that funk that I was in for a couple of days while I was kind of thinking on that. I decided, OK, well, alright, we’re going to register you for preschool and the school is just a few streets away.
So we did that and she went to an orientation. The teacher was talking a lot about how you have to raise your hand if you want to talk, you have to raise your hand if you want to go potty, just kind of explaining the rules. That really turned her off. We came home and she said I’m not interested in going there anymore. Alright! I was ecstatic. My faith was proven there. We called in and got my registration fee back. I think I lost the 20 bucks that was non-refundable or whatever but it was totally worth it. She got her fill with one orientation and it was good.
So now as my youngest gets older we’ll see. She’s going to see her older brother and sister, obviously, not going to school. So we’ll see if she ever has the desire or not. But I think part of the turnoff was the orientation, but I think another part of it was at that time she had been first introduced to Minecraft and was first starting to try and play it. So I think a lot of having to do this every day and it’s not fun like Minecraft, arguably, having to raise your hand to do this and that, not having that freedom. I think that kind of went together. She was like, “No, no, I think I’d rather do this.”
So ever since, you know, she’s mastered Minecraft and other games. They’re Skyping with their friends all day long, so they get plenty of social interaction and we do playgroups and stuff, here and there. We’ve got a pretty good community here in Salt Lake that gets together often. We’ve got some veterans and some newer parents, we’ve got quite a mix. It’s pretty good.
PAM: That’s great!
One thing I wanted to ask you about was I noticed that the men whose essays you included in the book came from a wide range of backgrounds. Some were artists, entrepreneurs, college professors. So what did that say to you about the appeal of the unschooling lifestyle?
SKYLER: It said to me that, these are thoughtful, professional, intelligent men, their own values are of course learning and education and intelligence and professionalism, and if they see value in unschooling versus the alternatives, I think what that says is it’s something that is a viable alternative. It’s not just parents being lazy, not wanting to send their kids to school. It’s parents wanting to be involved with their kids. It’s intelligent parents wanting to be involved with their kids knowing that’s where intelligence comes from, I think, is having that close mentorship. Having parents who are willing to explore your interests as a kid because the more interested you are, the more you’re going to retain it, the more you’re going to learn about it.
I mean, my son is fascinated by dinosaurs, and he gets video games, he sees movies, he reads stuff online about them, he sees YouTube videos about them. He can name so many different dinosaurs, more than when I was little. When I was little Jurassic Park first came out and it was a big deal and for him it’s Jurassic World and he loves that. He spent the 20 bucks and bought it on Amazon and he can watch it whenever he wants. For me, it was a few library books and I remember having this Jurassic Park magazine. I would copy the pictures out of it and get as much as I could with that but for him it’s ten, a hundred times that much stuff that he’s able to find and take advantage of it.
Anyways, back to the question, I think that it’s not for dummies at all. I think you can be a dummy as long as you know how to get your kid the help he needs or the assistance he needs. I mean if you’re somebody who is completely computer illiterate you’re going to have a hard time trying to help your kid with something on the computer, but that doesn’t mean you can’t find somebody who can help him with the computer. Honestly, with kids these days, you just put them in front of the computer, they’re going to figure it out for themselves. That’s what I did. I taught myself computers. When we first got our family computer, I taught myself everything on it. It was through trial and error, clicking on this and clicking on that and breaking this. My dad had to call support to get it fixed. Eventually, here I am, I made a career out of it. So…
PAM: Me, too!
SKYLER: Exactly! Yeah, so I think with kids we need to just get out of their way and just be there to help them. It is a sophisticated thing if we make it a sophisticated thing. I think that’s why it appeals to so many people that are intelligent and professional and what not.
PAM: Yeah, I think as long as, the whole point is putting some value on learning, so as long as you value learning you can be learning alongside your kids. It’s not that only the kids are learning, right? I’m still learning tons of new things and things are being brought into my world by my kids all the time. So, yeah, as long as you’ve got that keenness and that excitement about learning itself, and it’s basic to anyone whether you’re an artist, an entrepreneur whatever it is. As long as you’re excited about learning, this is a great way to approach living it, right?
SKYLER: Yeah, exactly. I think if you’re somebody who isn’t interested in learning, there’s probably deeper issues there, with say depression or something else going on. I think most mentally healthy people are interested in learning. People get lost on computers and on the internet all the time, it’s almost a problem for people how much they can get lost on these things and that is different types of learning going on.
PAM: You know what? That just occurred to me, one thing that can really help is expanding your definition of learning. I think so many people have got such a narrow focus on what learning is. To them it just looks like school, right? So that’s why one of the biggest things at first, is expanding and seeing the learning in the things that you’re doing on the computer and all that kind of stuff. That’s cool.
I loved that you organized the 22 essays around the contributors’ unschooling experience. How you laid it out with prospective unschooling dads, to junior dads, to senior dads. Was this something that you planned from the start or did that arrangement come about after you gathered the essays and you saw a thread through them?
SKYLER: The arrangement did change a little bit, but it is what I planned from the start. The reason is because I already had people in mind who I wanted to approach. Some were veterans and others were future dads that were already committed to unschooling. So when I originally started approaching people, I was casting a pretty wide net to try to get interest. There were people that I wanted for sure that I got, the rest was just whoever was willing. I went to different unschooling dad groups on Facebook and what not to look for them. There were some dads that I wanted that could either not get a hold of them or they were just too busy and they apologized for that. They wanted to contribute but they just didn’t really have the time. There were some who had committed but then had to bow out so it would have been longer than that.
It was originally going to be four sections. There was going to be future and then new unschooling dads and then seasoned and then veterans. So as the essays came in one of those sections, it was the seasoned, was kind of thin so some of them I merged with the veteran and others I merged with the new, now had the three sections: the future, the junior, the senior. So, from the beginning that is what I wanted to do.
The reason I wanted to do that was I think each of them has different perspectives and I think people reading it will relate better with one or the other, somebody who has got young kids who are not even school-aged yet, I think they’ll appreciate the veterans talking about it a little more than the people who are like themselves, it’s like, they’re where I’m at, what do they know? So, there were just some people that I knew would write really good essays that not actually had kids yet so I definitely wanted to include them because they were intelligent and they were thoughtful about it, it was something they had put a lot of thought into and I thought that would be valuable for its own reasons. So yeah, that’s how it turned out.
PAM: That’s cool. That was really fun. I wasn’t expecting that at first, the prospective dad section, I hadn’t thought about that before. It was really interesting to read their perspectives, that was fun.
Another thing I was wondering, it is really interesting when you catch a glimpse of the diverse paths people take to get to unschooling, right? We’ve heard yours and most people listening, I think, know mine now at least. Some find it as they actively move away from school experiences that aren’t working, which is you and me, while others find it as a move towards the philosophical principles that unschooling embraces.
What’s your impression of the interplay of the anti-schooling vs the pro-unschooling throughout the book?
SKYLER: Well, it’s really kind of difficult to talk, and I think it’s just because of the schooling context we all find ourselves in, it’s difficult to talk and to think about unschooling without also looking at the reasons why you don’t want to school, because they are so diametrically opposed. I mean they are complete opposites. If you’re pro-unschooling I think you are necessarily anti-schooling. For a lot of people, they are pro-schooling and they were raised in schooling they can see that and in some ways they can feel attacked by that.
As people have come towards unschooling and away from schooling, I guess that the anti part of that is an important part for people and the reason they’re anti-schooling and how it’s conflicted with other values that they hold or have developed along the way. Whether they originally held them and were just being inconsistent or it’s something that sort of developed over time. It’s just one of those things where it’s hard not to at least say something against schooling when you’re talking about unschooling. So, the essays throughout, you’ll definitely get that but I think it’s pretty well balanced, though. I definitely didn’t want anything that was just a big diatribe against schooling. I wanted people to understand where these dads come from but also how they’re looking forward. There is that anti-schooling, but half of their motivation is the pro-unschooling. We see unschooling as the better alternative, based on our values and what we want our kids to become, what they deserve to become. I think it turned out OK. I know other reviewers have commented on this that there’s a little bit of a libertarian bent and that’s because some of the dads and the circles that I run in, you know some of the people that I knew were of that political persuasion, you do get that in anti-schooling. That’s because so much schooling is government bent. Parts of that are contrary to the values they hold so you do get a little bit of that.
PAM: I enjoyed reading everybody’s different perspectives because that’s the point that we come at things. It’s so interesting the different backgrounds from which we come to unschooling. So, that slant in some of the essays certainly didn’t bother me. I found it interesting.
SKYLER: Well, yeah, that’s good. You could always try to get rid of some of that stuff but I thought it was OK, but I may not have noticed because I was so absorbed in that worldview. So when I did start hearing from reviewers that that’s the impression they picked up I just said OK, well, I guess it is what it is.
PAM: But that’s the root of their story, I mean that’s the story for them.
SKYLER: I mean, liberty is something they value so they want their kids to have that as well, which they’re not getting in school.
PAM: Yeah, that’s another thing to consider. So, last week, I spoke with Sandra Dodd. I did one of the ten questions interviews with her, and we talked about something you mentioned a little bit earlier, the paradigm shift to joy, that was part of your journey to unschooling. She wrote about it in her short essay, “Rejecting a Prepackaged Life“. That shift to joy was so fundamental for me that 12 years ago I named my website after it, living joyfully. And you touched on it in your essay in the book, as well, so I wanted to read a short quote from it if that’s OK?
PAM: “My wife’s reluctance has faded quite a bit now that she’s witnessing our children’s joy. For me, that’s the primary focus of unschooling: helping our children live as joyfully as possible. Everything else will naturally follow from that. As long as our children are happy, they will have confidence in themselves that they can achieve anything they want to in life. I truly believe that and unschooling is the better vehicle towards living joyfully than any school-based alternative.”
Can you talk a bit about how joy became your primary focus in unschooling?
SKYLER: Well, yeah, I did think as my kids were getting older and you see other kids their age, how they start to learn different things cause the school system expects you’ve got to learn to read at a certain point, you gotta learn to write cursive writing, I think that still goes on. You’ve got to learn multiplication, division, and algebra and it’s a step by step by step.
So as my kids are getting older, I’m thinking, “What should be our focus here?” Do I want to try to strew things in front of them that will lead them into what their school peers are doing? Or should I focus more on helping them in whatever it is they’re doing, having the best time and will that payoff? Will they pick up the skills necessary to then later on, if something is a requisite to what they want to explore, will they know where to go, will they know how to at least get me to help them with where they want to go, without reaching frustration? I want them to know that I’m a partner here and I’m here for them for whatever they need. I think that if the home life and if we want to have joy and we want to be happy and when everybody is happy then I think everybody is growing and learning a lot better because what they’re doing is joyful, they’re enjoying, it so it’s meaningful for them. If they’re not enjoying it then it’s not meaningful, it’s less likely to be retained or be useful at any point.
From time to time I think about those things and wonder, but then I realize as a 16-year-old I learned to operate a motor vehicle and that was a lot more complex thing than multiplication. So, if at 16 I can learn to do that or later on, the things that I’ve done in software, if I can learn those things there’s no reason why a 16-year-old can’t learn multiplication and division. I think they’d pick it up in a matter of minutes. Or to read, 12-year-olds that learn to read later in short order and they’re reading Harry Potter, they’re not going through Dr. Seuss for months, you know? Once that mind is developed to the point where it can grasp concepts easier.
I think about when I was younger and I was able to learn, and that doubt and that fear kind of goes away, then we can return to joy. Just finding what excites my kids and what excites me too, and my wife. We, of course, try to find our own joy as well.
PAM: I really found that as well, too, because every time I would start wondering it always came back to the fact that when they’re doing something that they enjoy, when they’re seeking out joy in whatever, that’s where the best learning is, where the engagement is. And that’s where they build more joy. As you said, you notice as they get older that whatever they put their mind to, they can pick it up. I often marvelled, certainly through a lot of the teenage years and stuff, just how dedicated they were to pursuing the things that they found interesting and enjoyable. I like the word joy versus happy because sometimes pursuing something that you really want has some frustrating moments in it, right? But man, they never gave up when they really wanted something—I would have given up so much easier at that age. So, I thought that was a really beautiful way to look at the joy that they were pursuing because it just came down to the best learning.
SKYLER: Well, and another aspect of that is if we look at life as moments and memories, do we want our kid’s memories to be mostly joyful memories or full of strife? The joyful memories, they’re more meaningful and they retain the important parts of those better than the strife filled moments. I mean, the strife filled moments can certainly be learning experiences, no doubt, but strife and trauma they don’t make for a very helpful outlook on life in the future.
PAM: And plus because our focus is lifelong, right? We’re not just looking at the schooling years and trying to squish everything in there. That’s really interesting.
Another thing I loved in the book was the epilogue. I had a great time reading that. How being asked to write an essay for the book felt like homework to your friend Phil. You were saying you were asking some people to share stories, so can you share the story of that and how it relates to unschooling?
SKYLER: (laughs) Yeah, so when I first started, he’s a good friend of mine and we did our own podcast together for a little while and I wanted him to write something for me. I asked him and he was like, “Oh, yeah, sure.” He was excited about it. But then as I was collecting essays and things were coming down to the wire, he hadn’t turned anything in.
So we were chatting one day and that pretty much, with my words taken out, that was our chat transcript. That’s what he was saying to me about, you know, wouldn’t this be a funny epilogue or something. I took it and I formatted it as a short essay and he really liked that. He got a big laugh out of that, gave me permission to use it.
That’s what he was saying, that as the deadline was approaching it kind of mentally pulled him back into his younger self when he was filled with that stress in school because of homework to do. It really kind of locked him up and it was really hard. It was hard for him to fight through that, to get it done because of that whatever the reason whether it’s his personality type or because of the trauma at school or some trauma outside of school for whatever reason that created those feelings in him and he doesn’t want that to happen to his kids. He doesn’t want them to approach their obligations and commitments that way, so he doesn’t want to ruin that with school. So that’s been some of his motivation for unschooling, kind of a different motivation than what you typically hear about.
PAM: Yeah, it was really fun to read because it does, it puts you right back there to deadlines and tests and homework and all that kind of stuff, so you could really feel for him although I’m sorry you didn’t get a longer essay out of him. (laughs)
SKYLER: (laughs) It was good. I was glad to have gotten something. It was humorous and I thought it would be a good finish.
PAM: Yeah, that was great! There was one more question I wanted to ask you.
Was there anything that surprised you or what it was that surprised you most out of the essays that you did receive?
SKYLER: That’s a good question. I don’t know that it’s out of the essays but what surprised me was how many people I found out were willing to write something but unfortunately life got in the way for many and they had to cancel because they just weren’t able to dedicate time. They were willing to put a lot of effort into it. They didn’t want to just skimp on it. But they were so busy with the rest of their lives that they weren’t able to do that, so rather than giving me something that was half of what they could do, they just politely bowed out and I appreciated that.
I was kind of surprised with how many were interested in it. I knew that moms numbered ten to one to dads in these unschooling groups, but there are still a lot of dads that are passionate about it. So I was glad for that. It was a good time. There are people in my life that kind of motivated me to put this together so I would have a resource that I could give them. Or my wife’s friends that they could give to their husbands. That was really the primary motivation, just having something that we could pass to people that would find value in it.
PAM: That’s really cool! Really cool that you got a lot of responses. That’s nice to know.
SKYLER: It is. It would have been nice to be a little bit bigger and I could have some of those passionate entries in there, but unfortunately, it is what it is. Most dads are busy and when they’re not working they want to spend time with their kids, not writing essays for me.
PAM: Yeah, well you could always go with a volume two, eventually (laughs)
SKYLER: Or Unschooling Moms and make it ten volumes! (laughs)
PAM: (laughs) Good one! Thank you so much for speaking with me today Skyler. I really enjoyed diving into the dads’ perspectives with you. It was really fun!
SKYLER: It was fun! Thanks for having me.
PAM: No problem! Before we go, where is the best place for people to get in touch with you online?
SKYLER: Well, skylerjcollins.com is probably my main website and links to all my auxiliary stuff. Most of my writing either on parenting or unschooling or philosophy is at everything-voluntary.com. Most of that is probably philosophy and economics. There is some parenting and unschooling and this book is published through that. I think everything-voluntary.com is probably the place to go.
PAM: And they’ll be able to find links to your books at both those places?
SKYLER: Yeah, both those places. Just hit publications at the top and they both show all my stuff.
PAM: Excellent! Thanks so much Skyler!
SKYLER: Thank you!
- Holding Parents Responsible
Post by Skyler J. Collins (Editor).
Here’s a philosophical brain teaser for you: Should parents be held responsible for their children’s actions?
My culturally programmed answer to this question is, “Yes, because children can’t be held responsible for their actions, they’re too young to really know what they’re doing, and since somebody should, why not those who are raising them?”
Parents often take pride and credit for their children’s accomplishments, so why not for their failures, too?
I think there can only be two possible answers to this question that make any rational sense. These two answers fork at one question: Do we have free will?
If the answer to that all towering question in philosophy is negative, then not anybody is responsible for their actions. Since parents and children are included in anybody, neither are they responsible for theirs or anybody else’s actions. They and we are all doing what we can’t help doing. It’s cause and effect, and simply can’t be helped.
(Disclosure: I am currently of the mind that free will exists, but mostly, if not entirely, at the margins. I’m not yet ready to explain that.)
If the answer to having free will is affirmative, then children, like their parents, like everybody else, have free will. As such, on the base level, their choices are their own, not their parents.
However, children rarely act at a base level, meaning, at a level free from control by others. In fact, even adults do not always act at a base level. For this reason, what responsibility parents hold for the children’s actions should be determined in the same way we determine responsibility for the actions of adults.
Children are ignorant, and are still either being coercively programmed or trying to figure out on their own their values and preferences. If a parent or community is coercively guiding a child into failure (from a certain perspective), then I think the responsibility for that failure is on the parent(s) or community.
If a child wanders into failure on their own, then there lies responsibility.
This is true in the adult world, also. If I threaten something undesirable to induce action, aren’t I mostly if not entirely responsible for your actions? You performed them under duress or deceit. I personally think that makes a difference in how responsibility falls for any failure that results.
If a child’s or adult’s undirected action results in a failure of some sort, the responsibility is theirs. The only difference in our own responsibility toward that failure is in how quickly we should offer our forgiveness. For a very young child, it should be automatic; an older child and adolescent, less automatic and more contemplative, compassionate, and cooperative (helping them understand the failure and how to fix it; never punitive); an adult, all of the preceding, plus wisdom and vigilance in preventing it from recurring up to and including total ostracism, or worse (which I hate to write, but if the problem is technical, like a raging tiger unconcerned for our well-being, you end the problem).
In any event, one size fits all is poor policy as a response to failure by child and adult alike. We are all programmed naturally and culturally, and are constantly being bombarded by control and influence (free will is at the margins, remember?). In one sense, somebody’s failure could be society’s failure, and in another, it is entirely their own.
Now that I’ve reached the end, I’m not sure that I’ve settled this brain teaser, once and for all.
- Their Favorite Kind of Misogyny
Post by Skyler J. Collins (Editor).
Shortly after I got engaged, my paternal grandparents requested a sit-down with myself and my fiance. We sat down first individually with each grandparent, myself with Grandpa, and my fiance with Grandma.
They gave us counsel on how to make a marriage work. Theirs lasted well over 60 years, until each of them passed, in turn. My grandpa lived to 93, surviving his own beautiful bride by a few years.
The preeminent marriage counsel I was given was in the form of two words: “Yes, dear.”
I was told that these two simple words would prevent and/or solve every conflict. Grandpa was only half-joking.
If you’re a wife reading this, you might be thinking to yourself, “Great advice!” If you are, then congratulations, you’ve identified your favorite kind of misogyny.
The thoughts I had at the time I received this counsel were “Oh, come on…” and “That’s ridiculous… I should just do everything she asks or accept everything she says?” Thinking more on it, I realized that in some, or perhaps most cases biting my tongue and keeping a happy wife (in this way) would indeed maintain a happy life.
It makes some sense, and I’ve reaped some of those benefits, but I don’t use these words nearly as often as Grandpa counseled or my wife would like.
Thinking about this recently, I’ve decided that such a tactic by husbands is misogynistic. Think about the implications:
- Wives can’t be reasoned with (they’re stupid)
- Wives can’t be bothered to rationally explain their requests (they’re authoritarian)
- Wives can’t control their emotions so husbands shouldn’t “make them” unhappy (they’re emotionally undisciplined)
- Wives can’t handle the possibility of being wrong (they’re emotionally fragile)
While there may be other implications, these ones seem pretty serious to me. Should husbands treat their wives as if they are stupid, or authoritarian, or emotionally undisciplined or emotionally fragile? I think those are terrible ways to consider the love of your life, the person (or persons?) you are committed to spending decades to over half a century with. (Please don’t misunderstand, I don’t believe Grandpa was any more a misogynist than anyone else of his generation, quite possibly less so considering the gentle and honorable man he was. I loved him, dearly!)
I think the non-misogynistic marriage counsel summed up in as few words as possible is something like: “Probably, dear, but can you tell me why?”
If you’re a wife reading this, how will that be received?
- Limit Your Self-Censorship and Tell the World Your Truth
Post by Skyler J. Collins (Editor).
Words are powerful. They have the ability to enrage or to soothe. They can be triggering, or calming. One of those things we learn in life is to censor ourselves lest our words inspire backlash from other people. Something else we learn is to uncensor ourselves in order to strike another person.
I have slowly become more comfortable with speaking to other people about my relatively radical beliefs. Voluntaryism and radical unschooling can be very triggering topics for many people. Nobody likes to hear that they support what I consider to be terrible practices like political scheming, punitive parenting, and compulsory schooling.
I can get myself into trouble by sharing my opinions surrounding these topics with the wrong people. But every day that goes by, I find myself less and less inhibited in this way.
I am increasingly of the mind that people should self-censor less about the many opinions they hold. It shouldn’t matter how radical or crazy or weird they are, too. Let every opinion find the light of day. How else can we learn about them, talk about them, discard them, or adopt them?
I agree with my friend Aaron White who wrote,
If someone says they want to murder people or they believe in murdering people … it could be a very productive thing to discuss their ideas openly. Why? Because it is possible that you can avert something horrendous … but even more importantly, this person is merely the person vocalizing their thoughts. Many more people might feel the same thing. By airing out horrendous ideas and discussing them openly, these ideas don’t stew angrily in the minds of alienated people only to be released violently.
Most people have had ideas on race, gender, politics, behavior, etc, that fit far outside generally accepted ideas. By airing them out we can have a productive discussion. By closing them off and shaming them, we create school shootings, violent crime, terrorism, resentment and alienation.
I openly talk about all ideas that someone can discuss civilly. This includes genocide, rape and murder. The moment I end conversation is when someone can’t discuss things civilly, or they take action on their violent thoughts.
He cuts right to the jugular, as it were. On my recent podcast episode about how to stop the epidemic of rape and sexual assault, I gave a very detailed account of my first experience with masturbation, around the age of 12.
It might seem strange to you that I talked about something like that so publically. But I didn’t feel strange. It felt quite natural and appropriate for the conversation we were having. I think that if more people felt comfortable being open talking about these things, we’d have less of these problems in the world.
There’s a lot of fear and shame around the sexual impulses that we have, or don’t have. Maybe the conventions that created this type of environment are somewhat responsible for any so-called deviancy in this area.
In any event, I consider it a courageous thing to voice one’s opinion or tell one’s story about any subject. I want to see more people do this, even if, especially if, I don’t agree with those opinions. As powerful as words can be, censorship is commensurately as dangerous. What’s going on today on college campuses regarding free speech is a travesty for the future well-being of humanity.
- Be Brave Enough to Roar Your Truth!
Post by Skyler J. Collins (Editor).
Two songs in particular give me goosebumps when I consider their implications in the life of a voluntaryist: “Brave” by Sara Bareilles, and “Roar” by Katy Perry.
Get a load of these opening lyrics in “Brave” (emphasis added):
You can be amazing
You can turn a phrase into a weapon or a drug
You can be the outcast
Or be the backlash of somebody’s lack of love
Or you can start speaking up
Nothing’s gonna hurt you the way that words do
And they settle ‘neath your skin
Kept on the inside and no sunlight
Sometimes a shadow wins
But I wonder what would happen if you
Say what you wanna say
And let the words fall out
Honestly I wanna see you be brave
This is exactly why I write, podcast, and discuss these ideas freely and openly. Am I brave? Yes, in many respects I am very brave, and darn proud of myself for being so. It’s not always easy, especially at first, to open up about such controversial topics as politics and economics, parenting and childhood education.
Here’s more, from “Roar” (emphasis added):
I used to bite my tongue and hold my breath
Scared to rock the boat and make a mess
So I sat quietly, agreed politely
I guess that I forgot I had a choice
I let you push me past the breaking point
I stood for nothing, so I fell for everything
You held me down, but I got up (hey!)
Already brushing off the dust
You hear my voice, your hear that sound
Like thunder, gonna shake your ground
You held me down, but I got up
Get ready ’cause I’ve had enough
I see it all, I see it now
I got the eye of the tiger, a fighter
Dancing through the fire
‘Cause I am the champion, and you’re gonna hear me roar
Louder, louder than a lion
‘Cause I am a champion, and you’re gonna hear me roar!
Goddamnit that’s a beautiful admonishment!
Everybody should find the bravery to roar their truth to the world, in every way they can! Start a blog. Start a podcast (or join me on mine). Give your respectful and thoughtful two cents on every social media post you can.
Don’t be afraid!
And don’t stop at roaring. Include the doing, too!
Ignore anybody and everybody who tells you that you can’t do something. They’re wrong. You can, and you should.
Do you want flip off your boss and storm out because you’re unhappy and unsatisfied at work? Do it.
Do you want quit school and follow your dreams? Do it.
Do you want to keep all of the money you earn? Do it.
Do you want to start a business without first asking permission? Do it.
Do you want to smoke a joint? Do it.
Nine times out of ten, you are your biggest obstacle to accomplishing anything you want to accomplish. Use these songs to inspire you to find that spark deep inside, to find the bravery that you were born with to roar as loud as you can!
- Should We Be Our Children’s Friend?
Post by Skyler J. Collins (Editor).
You always hear so-called parenting “experts” say something to the effect that, “parents are not their children’s friend,” and “children need their parents to be a parent, not a friend.”
Now that my commitment and focus is on raising my children peacefully and respectfully, I can say that this advice as absolutely bananas. Hear me out.
“Friend” means a lot of different things to different people, I’ll grant you. It can mean someone who tempts you to be “naughty” or someone who uses and manipulates you for their own gain, pretending all the while they have your interests at heart. But we all know what kind of “friends” these really are. And if these experts are talking about these kinds of friends, well then, duh! No kidding.
But they aren’t.
In my inference, they’re talk about just your average non-manipulative non-troublemaking kind of friend. You know, a “true” friend. The type of friend that you read about from the following sages.
Jim Morrison (songwriter, singer):
Friends can help each other. A true friend is someone who lets you have total freedom to be yourself – and especially to feel. Or, not feel. Whatever you happen to be feeling at the moment is fine with them. That’s what real love amounts to – letting a person be what he really is.
William Penn (philosopher, entrepreneur):
A true friend freely, advises justly, assists readily, adventures boldly, takes all patiently, defends courageously, and continues a friend unchangeably.
Kelly Osborne (singer, actress):
I say find one true friend to help you get through the tough times.
Len Wein (comic book artist):
A true friend is someone who is there for you when he’d rather be anywhere else.
Arnold Glasgow (author):
A true friend never gets in your way unless you happen to be going down.
Miley Cyrus (musician):
A true friend is someone who is always there during the ups and downs…
Bernard Meltzer (entertainer):
A true friend is someone who thinks that you are a good egg even though he knows that you are slightly cracked.
If it seems those quotes were pulled somewhat randomly from the internet, it’s because they were. It didn’t take long to find these wonderful quotes on what true friendship is all about. I can’t imagine anyone disagreeing with these, at least not anyone who has a clue about what friendship entails.
Now, is there anything there that stands out as something a parent should not embrace completely in regards to their own children? If you think so, I think you shouldn’t have any kids. Hah!
If diving face first into the world of peaceful and respectful parenting has taught me anything, it’s that a parent’s number one job is to be their children’s best and truest friend.
- Should parents help their children? YES!
- Should parents let their children have total freedom to be themselves? YES!
- Should parents let their children have total freedom in what they feel? YES!
- Should parents advise their children justly? YES!
- Should parents adventure boldly with their children? YES!
- Should parents take all from their children patiently? YES!
- Should parents defend their children courageously? YES!
- Should parents help their children get through tough times? YES!
- Should parents be there for their children even when they’d rather be somewhere else ? YES!
- Should parents only get in the way of their children to protect them from harm? YES!
- Should parents always be there for their children through good times and bad? YES!
- Should parents always think their children are “good eggs” even when they know they’re a little cracked? YES! YES! YES!
We’re all a little cracked, after all. And that’s okay. Good parents understand this and love their children unconditionally anyway.
YES! parents should be their children’s friend. That’s what children need most from their parents. True friendship, and a very close second, mentorship. Whenever I hear someone say that parents shouldn’t be their children’s friend, either they have zero clue what it means to be a peaceful and respectful parent, or else they have zero clue what it means to be a friend. Either way they’re dangerously wrong, in my opinion.
(Now where did I put my old toilet paper launcher that I was going to teach my son to use?…)
- The Illogic in “The Needs of the Many…”
Post by Skyler J. Collins (Editor).
Trekkies, of which I claim to be one, are very familiar with the following phrase used by the half-Vulcan, half-human officer Spock many times, and subsequently by many others throughout the Star Trek universe:
The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few (or the one).
This is always presented as a logical statement, and therefore cannot be argued against without committing logical fallacy. But I don’t think that’s true. Here’s my attempt.
The term “outweigh” strongly suggests a comparison of value judgment. How else can needs be weighed if not in terms of value? Needs come in all shapes and sizes, and people will go to greater or lesser lengths in meeting these needs. I place greater value on my needs than I do on the needs of a stranger on the other side of the world. This is proof that needs are valued differently by different people. This is true of anything that is valued because both logic and experience show that value is a subjective phenomenon.
If all needs “weigh” the same, then more needs on the left side of the value balance scale will outweigh less needs on the right. But not all needs weigh the same. To weigh needs objectively is an impossibility. You can’t weight value judgments. All that can be done is the ordering of value judgments by a given person at a given time (and which order is constantly in flux).
What if the “many” on the left side were serial killers, and the “few” or the “one” on the right were innocent children? Should the right be sacrificed for the left? If your value judgments are anything like mine, you would answer no. But if your value judgments are anything like the serial killers, you would answer yes. And guess what, both answers are quite logical when we understand the subjective nature of the value judgment of human needs.
As practitioners of logic, the Vulcans would be well aware of this and never would have formulated the above illogical phrase. The only thing we can say about Spock’s use of the phrase is that it must have come from his human side, or else he meant to preface it with, “In my opinion…”
- Blaming the Victim, or Digging for Wisdom?
Post by Skyler J. Collins (Editor).
I’m going to share the first two things I wrote on Facebook when the “Me too.” campaign filled my newsfeed. Here is the first:
There’s a very big difference between sexual harassment and sexual assault. That this “me too” business is lumping them together is unfortunate and quite disrespectful to men and women who’ve suffered real sexual assault.
After some discussion in the few places I posted that, I wrote “‘Me Too’ is a Branch Issue, and a Distraction“. I stand by that article. Me Too and related topics are branch issues. The root issue is childhood trauma and compulsory environments like school. Here is the second:
“Me too” doesn’t tell me anything. If you really want to make a difference, why don’t you tell me how the experience made you stronger, gave you power that you didn’t have before? That’s what I want to hear, not only for myself, but more importantly, for my daughters.
I tagged some friends who had joined the “Me too.” campaign, and they understood what I was asking and gave me some good stories.
Somebody, I don’t know who, shared that in some group, I don’t know where, which invited all sorts of strangers to my wall to give me their “what fors”. Total strangers who don’t know me from Adam decided to misread what I wrote and then tell me off. Here are a few examples (some friends, some strangers), but all can be found at the link above.
“Oh, I’m sorry. Are people not expressing their experiences with sexual abuse to your liking? In a way that would help you? Poor Skyler.”
“Wow. I have zero nice to say to this. Women don’t owe you their takeaway from trauma. And the fact that you are more challenging those trying to explain to and discuss with you instead of LISTENING speaks volumes. I feel like if YOU really want to make a difference, tell your daughters they owe no man- not even their father- their explanation, experience, or takeaway from any traumatic experience they suffer at the hands of men. Check yourself. You owe it to your daughters.”
“You ask us to share our rape stories. You ask us to confirm your deluded belief that sexual assault somehow and some way gives us power. Why do you have a right to our stories?”
“A lot of us are gentle parents and would still not victim blame and tell women they don’t matter in this only they do.”
“You were clearly stating that women owe you an explanation no one owes you jack shit. Think before you speak buddy.”
“The language you use puts the ownership of rape on the victim. I have no control over being assaulted or harassed again. I can try to do things to protect myself, but I have no control over someone else’s actions.”
“I find it gross that he tagged women on his post to explain their rape.”
The items in bold express where they obviously misread what I wrote. But I take full responsibility for not writing it better, in order to prevent misreadings in this way. It’s unfortunate, and because it caused so much drama, I recording a fantastic podcast episode with my friend Jessica, Episode 086.
What they read into what I wrote was that I think that women don’t matter, and every woman owes me their entire rape or harassment story. Give me a freaking break. I agree, all of those ideas are completely stupid. Nobody owes me anything of the sort, and the only people that don’t matter to me are those who insist on bastardizing my words and proceeding to attack me for them. They’re pricks, and can go fuck themselves.
What any intelligent person would have done before expressing their misguided outrage was seek clarification. Some took that route. My hats off to them. They are great examples of intellectual honesty and diplomatic discourse.
The idea that asking about ways a crime may have been prevented is not “blaming the victim.” To consider it such is to ignore how wisdom develops and spreads. I for one am rarely interested in blame. But I am very interested in learning. And on this topic, as I have a wife and two young daughters, and a son, it is absolutely imperative that I learn the salient lessons from both sides of the issue (preventing the creation of predators and protecting yourself from crime).
It would be absolutely foolish of me, and is foolish of these people, not to tease out these important lessons, apply them to their lives, and then teach others within their influence.
As a man dedicated to stopping the widespread abuse of children, I am very much an ally in this particular fight. I don’t deserve to be attacked like this. These people don’t know me and the work that I do. They don’t know the trauma I’ve suffered and its long-term effects, effects that I deal with every day of my life.
They were wrong to do what they did, but they are not alone in carrying responsibility. I recognize the role I played, and will be more careful in the future.
I live, I learn.
- Does it Matter Who’s at Fault? The Responsibility is Always Yours
Post by Skyler J. Collins (Editor).
There is a simple realization from which all personal improvement and growth emerges. This is the realization that we, individually, are responsible for everything in our lives, no matter the external circumstances.
I was put on guard when I read those words, and quite enlightened as I read the chapter.
My first thoughts were about my own life and everything that has occurred over its course. I’ve made mistakes. Those were mostly my fault, but in many cases I operated on incomplete information. I’ve also endured the consequences of mistakes made by others, not always accidental.
My second thoughts were about when people complain about someone else’s privilege, which ultimately led me to write “White Privilege is Definitely Real“. Also about someone else’s “offensive” actions, of the triggering variety.
My third thoughts were on my children’s constant squabbles and their blaming the other for every conflict in which they find themselves. They’ve never started anything, of course, but somehow conflict ensues and escalates to the point of parental involvement. For quite a while now, when they’re playing the blame game, I tell them that I don’t care who did it, that each of them knows who did what, and then I follow with an appeal to be careful not to let it happen again.
After touring my mind palace, visiting every room listed above and more, the truthfulness of Chapter 5 became obvious.
My reactions to the happenings in my life are completely my responsibility. I thought about that word etymologically, which is my wont. I wondered if it came from something like “respond-ability.” It didn’t really, but I like that, so I played around with it.
Responsibility: the ability to control your response to events in life.
Even if all we can control are our thoughts as things are happening to us (thinking of someone paralyzed), we still have responsibility. We can choose what it is we want to take away, to learn about the situation and how we want to react.
How empowering is this? It seems to completely invalidate or eradicate any sort of self-limiting or self-destructive victim mentality.
As I mentioned, I’ve been harmed. What am I going to do about it? Here are some options: 1) sit around and mope, 2) enact a plan for revenge, or 3) learn the salient lessons from the situation. 1 might feel good for a bit, but is ultimately a waste of time. 2 might also feel good, but is likely to escalate the conflict. There are major consequences here to consider. 3 seems the most appropriate. It’s sure beats 1, and depending on the severity of the harm, would make a necessary companion to 2. In every case, its my choice, isn’t it?
Therein lies my power, and the building blocks to creating my future. This is true for everybody. Even you! I hope that I can successfully impart this wisdom to my children. That’s where most of my opportunities to do so currently reside (outside of myself, that is).
Thinking more about it, it’s a stoic concept, although the author never mentions stoicism. The entire book is, really. In stoicism this is called your “sphere of control.” Your reaction to circumstance is well within your sphere of control, and you must be mindful of it if you are ever going to find and maintain inner peace and happiness. I’ve thoroughly enjoyed it so far, and highly recommend it.
Powered by: RSS Feed News Blocks